Customarily known as the Sultanate of Oman, Oman is a country seated on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in the West Asia region. It is the oldest independent state in the Arab world. It shares its borders with Yemen to the southwest, Saudi Arabia to the northwest, and nautical borders with Iran and Pakistan.
Oman is home to five UNESCO World Heritage Sites, all of which are cultural. Oman is frequented by tourists who see these sites: Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman, the Ancient City of Qalhat, the Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm, and Al-Ayn, Bahla Fort, and the Land of Frankincense. The country also has incredible biodiversity, housing more than 1,200 plant species, 518 bird species, and 93 mammal species.
Traditional Omani dishes are a must-have when touring the country. Dishes such as Majboos, the Shuwa, the Mashuai, Mushaltat, Shawarma, Mishkak, Halwa, and Omani bread are usually taken with beverages such as Laban, Kahwa and Tea.
Notable Omani festivals are the Masqat Festival, the Isra and Mi’raj celebrations, Muharram, Salalah Tourism Festival, and the National day. The Eid al-Fitr celebration is also a notable event, as it is celebrated throughout the country.