The second smallest country in South American is The Oriental Republic of Uruguay; with 3.4 million inhabitants, it covers an area of approximately 176,000 square kilometers. Brazil borders it to the north and northeast, Argentina to its west and southwest, the Atlantic Ocean to its southeast, and Rio de la Plato to its south.
Located in Uruguay are three cultural sites that have attained UNESCO World Heritage Status and six other sites in consideration for a World Heritage Status. The Cultural sites that have attained the World Heritage Status are as follows: Fray Bentos Industrial Landscape, The Work of engineer Eladio Dieste, Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento, and Church of Atlántida.
The country is famous for its vast wine industry as it is one of the top five producers of wine in South America. The dishes in Uruguay are strongly influenced by Italian, Spanish, French, German, and British cuisines, including Asado, Choripan, Chivito, Pizza, Gramajo, Tortas Fritas, Pasta Frola, and Chaja.
Uruguay hosts many lively festivals, most of which are religious, while others are local and traditional. These festivals include Epiphany, Candlemas, New Year’s Day, Holy Week, Labor Day, Independence Day, Natalicio de Artigas, All Saints’ Day/Day of the Dead, and Carnaval and Las Llamadas.